Stoke-on-Trent tile manufacturer Johnson Tiles has helped to ensure the Tower of London moat was flowing with poppies after stepping in to make thousands of the ceramic flowers.
The Tunstall-based company was approached by project artist Paul Cummins, to help meet the target of 888,246 poppies, with each ceramic flower representing a person who died in the war.
Johnson Tiles recruited a team of specialist ceramic artists, who have been working at the factory over the past few months, individually making and decorating every poppy by hand.
The Tower of London moat installation, which was officially unveiled by the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge in the summer, with the final poppy ‘planted’ on Armistice Day to mark the end of the conflict.
Harry Foster, Specialist Projects Manager at Johnson Tiles, said: “We were very honoured to be asked to contribute to this very poignant project. Each and every poppy made is unique, every worker creates each poppy differently with complete individuality, which is wonderful because of what each poppy represents.
“We managed to set everything up in a matter of weeks – we have literally installed a medium-sized traditional pottery studio in our factory – but we have the skillset and as a company we were able to invest in everything needed to make it happen. We’ve got a great team here at Johnson Tiles, with everybody working hard to make this a success.”
Around 8,000 poppies a day were made by the team at Johnson Tiles for the Cummins’ Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red installation, in a labour intensive process involving very traditional, skilled method of making, beginning with clay processing to produce slabs.
Flower templates are then cut from the slab, with the two layers formed into the poppy shape. Each poppy is dried for a minimum of six hours in a cabinet dryer, which reduces the moisture content enough to fire them in the kiln. The poppies are ‘biscuit fired’ and then hand-dipped and re-fired to high temperature before being dispatched to Paul Cummins’ studio in Derby.
Local veterans from the Stoke-on-Trent branch of the Normandy Veterans Association visited the factory to see the poppy making process in action and meet some of the artists, as did children from special educational school Abbey Hill who had a go at making their own poppies.
Joanna Dawidowska, who owns her own ceramics business, was drafted in to help lead the team of 12 ceramic makers at Johnson Tiles.
She said: “This has been a very emotional project for everyone involved, some of the makers here have relatives who died so for them it’s a very special. It’s difficult to imagine just how many lives were lost until you see the amount of poppies, there are so many of them. It’s great to see so many people with different skill levels coming together for this, we’re all very passionate about it.”
Paul Turner is one of the makers of the poppies. A former worker at Johnson Tiles 25 years ago, he returned to the company especially to help with the project. He said: “I’ve worked in ceramics all my life, and it was great to return to work on the poppies.”